Define engineering research and list its aims and objectives.

Define engineering research and list its aims and objectives.


  • Research refers to a careful, well-defined (or redefined), objective, and systematic method of search for knowledge, or formulation of a theory that is driven by inquisitiveness for that which is unknown and useful on a particular aspect so as to make an original contribution to expand the existing knowledge base.
  • Research involves formulation of hypothesis or proposition of solutions, data analysis, and deductions; and ascertaining whether the conclusions fit the hypothesis.
  • Research is a process of creating, or formulating knowledge that does not yet exist. Thus research is an art of scientific investigation


The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedures. The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered as yet. Though each research study has its own specific purpose, we may think of research objectives as falling into a number of following broad groupings:

  1.  Exploratory or Formulative research studies: To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it
  2. Descriptive research studies: To portray accurately the characteristics of a particular individual, situation or a group
  3. Diagnostic research studies: To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is associated with something else
  4. Hypothesis-testing research studies: To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship between variable

aims of engineering research:

  1.  Innovation: Engineering research aims to foster innovation by pushing the boundaries of current knowledge and technology to develop new solutions, products, and processes.
  2.  Advancement of Knowledge: It seeks to contribute to the expansion of scientific understanding and engineering principles through theoretical analysis, experimentation, and empirical observation.
  3. Societal Impact: Engineering research aims to address societal challenges and improve the quality of life by developing technologies and systems that meet the needs of individuals and communities.
  4.  Economic Growth: By fostering innovation and technological development, engineering research contributes to economic growth by creating new industries, jobs, and opportunities for investment and entrepreneurship.
  5. Environmental Sustainability: It aims to develop sustainable technologies and practices that minimize environmental impact, conserve resources, and promote the long-term health of the planet.
  6.  Education and Training: It aims to provide opportunities for education, training, and professional development for future engineers and scientists, ensuring a skilled workforce capable of addressing current and future challenges.

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