Compare descriptive research versus analytical research with examples.

Compare descriptive research versus analytical research with examples.


Descriptive research and analytical research are two different approaches to conducting research. Here’s a comparison between the two, along with examples:

Descriptive Research:

Descriptive research aims to describe a phenomenon, situation, or event as it exists in its current state. It focuses on answering the “what” questions and providing a detailed account of the subject under study. The primary goal is to gather data that describe the characteristics of the subject being investigated.

Examples of Descriptive Research:

1. A survey conducted to assess the satisfaction levels of customers with a particular product or service.

2. A study that observes and describes the behavior patterns of a particular animal species in its natural habitat.

3. A demographic study that collects and analyzes data on the characteristics of a population, such as age, gender, income levels, and educational attainment.

Analytical Research:

Analytical research, on the other hand, goes beyond describing a phenomenon and seeks to understand the “why” and “how” behind it. It involves examining the relationships between variables, identifying causal factors, and drawing conclusions or making predictions based on the analysis.

Examples of Analytical Research:

1. A study that investigates the impact of different teaching methods on student performance and tries to determine the most effective approach.

2. An experiment that manipulates various factors (independent variables) to observe their effects on a specific outcome (dependent variable), such as testing the efficacy of a new drug on disease progression.

3. A correlation study that examines the relationship between two or more variables, such as the relationship between exercise and mental health.

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